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¶ 2 Leave a comment on paragraph 2 0 A brief summary of the next four generations follows: Lehemann’s son Meir () was married to the daughter of Menkhen Bloch senior (). Schmuli () led an uneventful life under protection and died in his sixties. In 1691 his widow Berundi was accorded a series of claims in lieu of her dowry, because Schmuli’s estate contained insufficient cash . According to Halacha, a widow can only claim the dowry she brought into her marriage plus the amount pledged (mohar) in the marriage contract (ketubah) from her husband’s estate.
¶ 3 Leave a comment on paragraph 3 0 Schmuli had a son Abraham (), whose wife Model and daughter Judit were fined for conducting a verbal fight . Abraham’s son Isac () was married to a ‘Sprinz’ . By 1730 Meir’s grandson Daniel () was living in Wangen on Lake Constance . Daniel’s brother Isac moved to Worblingen in 1743 . Abraham’s grandson Hewen () went to live in Lengnau . Eventually, the name Bickert changed to Picard.
¶ 4 Leave a comment on paragraph 4 0 By far the largest clan in Stühlingen eventually answered to the family name Weil (Weyl, Weihl, Weyhl, Wiell, Wieller, Wyler).9 The first explicit mention of this name appeared in 1649 , but members of this family have been recorded as far back as 1610,10 when Leman () together with Phal (), Marum (), Phrom (), and Meyerle () cosigned a document acknowledging a debt of 1000 guilders to Count Maximilian von Pappenheim. We found at least five distinct branches of the Weil clan. Within the scope of this investigation, these branches cannot be traced back to a single joint forebear, although naming patterns suggest that a common ancestor with the name Leman (Juda) or Marumb (Meir) lived in the vicinity many decades earlier, and many of his descendants eventually found their way to Stühlingen, Tiengen, Lengnau, Endingen, and Gailingen. According to tradition,11 the name Weil is derived from “Weil der Stadt,” a little town situated between Pforzheim and Stuttgart. Leman had a brother Cost (). A Marum (), a cosignatory of the early letter of debt to the count, died in 1612 . Generic heirs were mentioned later but not specified. It is possible that this Marum was the father of Leman and Cost, but we have no explicit evidence to support such a claim.
¶ 5 Leave a comment on paragraph 5 0 Cost lived to a ripe old age. He was married but apparently had no children; no heirs were ever mentioned. Leman had three sons: Jäggelin (), who was married to Schachmannn’s () widow, Isac (), and Abraham (). Abraham’s daughter was married in Haigerloch , possibly to one Mayr Schnerff . Isac moved to Lengnau and sold his house in Stühlingen ; Abraham had no sons. But Jäggelin had two sons: Lämble () and Salomon () married to Brunel , daughter of Leib Gugenheimb () .
9In the register of Jews for both Lengnau and Endingen this family name appeared consistently as “Weil” in 1761 and “Wyler” in 1774.
10Samuel Pletscher Collection, “Schuldurkunde””, Stühlingen 1610.
11Löwenstein, “Nathanael Weil.” 1 – 37