1 Leave a comment on paragraph 1 0 But rather than focusing on individual transactions or merchants, let us examine the overall commercial pattern of the Stühlingen Jews, based on the abstracted records (fig. 7). These records mainly mention just the fact and character of a transaction without providing its numeric value.

2 Leave a comment on paragraph 2 0 pie diagramFigure 7. Overall pattern of Stühlingen Jews’ business activity.

3 Leave a comment on paragraph 3 0 Among the 4826 col­lec­ted re­cords, we iden­ti­fied 2630 com­mer­cial trans­ac­tions in­vol­ving 131 Je­wish mer­chants. Be­cause of the na­tu­re of the re­cords, we simp­ly coun­ted the trans­ac­tions ac­cor­ding to type, in­de­pen­dent of their va­lue. We found 1387 cre­dit re­cords, 324 de­bit re­cords,32 559 cattle and horse deals, 316 real estate deals, and 44 grain transactions. The relatively small part the grain trade played in the business spectrum of the Jews may appear surprising at first glance. But the requirement for a hefty infrastructure for transportation and storage, largely barred to them, may offer a plausible explanation. We have to accept that the initial recording of transactions was probably incomplete, that documents may have been lost over the intervening three hundred years, and that the data capture from the archives was incomplete. The data set available for analysis thus constitutes only a sample from the universe of business deals transacted by the Jewish merchants of Stühlingen between 1604 and 1743. We have no reason to suspect deliberate bias. But we do not know the threshold value above which transactions had to be recorded. We may have slightly oversampled cattle and horse deals because they seemed to have given rise to legal repercussions more frequently than other types of transactions; the reason for this will be discussed later.

32Both from the perspective of Jewish merchants.

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Source: https://www.stuehlingen.online/Book/?page_id=1621