¶ 41 Leave a comment on paragraph 41 0 The political geography of the region was unbelievably complicated and intermingled in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, forming a confusing patchwork of counties, baronies, and independent entities. Stühlingen itself originated as the dominion of a small, local noble house, Lupfen,4 and became the property of the house von Pappenheim5 for forty years, eventually forming part, by 1639, of the scattered von Fürstenberg holdings. Tiengen and its surroundings formed the Landgraviate of Klettgau, which belonged in the early seventeenth century to the counts of Sulz.
¶ 43 Leave a comment on paragraph 43 0 The seven villages between Stühlingen and Tiengen, place of residence for many Stühlingen Jews, formed a constant bone of contention for ownership and control between the rulers of Stühlingen in the north, the counts of Sulz in the south, and the abbey of St. Blasien in the west (fig. 5). Besides Stühlingen and Tiengen, a series of Jewish communities were lined up further along the upper Rhine all the way to Lake Constance and beyond. The village of Gailingen and the little town of Aach were ruled by the counts of Nellenburg; Randegg belonged to the barons of Hegau; Worblingen was owned by the barons of Danketschweil, and Wangen by the barons of Marbach and Wangen. But all of them, in turn, were part of Further Austria, property of the Habsburg emperors.
¶ 44 Leave a comment on paragraph 44 0 Further Austria, of which Hohenems was also a part, served as a common umbrella for many other regions of Jewish settlement as well, including Burgau in Bavarian Swabia. This common administrative link fostered a bond among these Jewish settlements. Jews received letters of protection in Gailingen6 and Randegg (1656),7 Aach (1551),8 Wangen (1611),9 Worblingen (1655),10 and Hohenems (1617).11
4Brandeck, “Geschichte der Stadt.”
5Häusler, Stühlingen: Vergangenheit und Gegenwart.
6Roming, “Geschichte der jüdischen Gemeinde Gailingen,”; Hundsnurscher and Taddey, “Die jüdischen Gemeinden in Baden”.
7Moos, “Geschichte der Juden im Hegaudorf Randegg”; Rosenthal, “Heimatgeschichte der badischen Juden”, 164.
8Rosenthal, “Heimatgeschichte der badischen Juden”, 79.
9Hundsnurscher and Taddey, “Die jüdischen Gemeinden in Baden”.
10Graf and Zöhren, “Jüdische Vergangenheit in Worblingen”; Hundsnurscher and Taddey, “Die jüdischen Gemeinden in Baden”, 301.
11Tänzer, “Geschichte der Juden in Tirol und Voralberg”, 29.