|

41 Leave a comment on paragraph 41 0 The political geography of the region was unbelievably complicated and intermingled in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, forming a confusing patchwork of counties, baronies, and independent entities. Stühlingen itself originated as the dominion of a small, local noble house, Lupfen,4 and became the property of the house von Pappenheim5 for forty years, eventually forming part, by 1639, of the scattered von Fürsten­berg holdings. Tiengen and its surroundings formed the Landgraviate of Klettgau, which belonged in the early seventeenth century to the counts of Sulz.

42 Leave a comment on paragraph 42 0 small mapFigure 5. Map of Stühlingen and the Wutach Valley

43 Leave a comment on paragraph 43 0 The seven vil­la­ges bet­ween Stüh­lin­gen and Tien­gen, place of re­si­dence for many Stüh­lingen Jews, for­med a con­stant bone of con­ten­tion for ow­ner­ship and con­trol bet­ween the ru­lers of Stü­hlin­gen in the north, the counts of Sulz in the south, and the ab­bey of St. Bla­sien in the west (fig. 5). Be­sides Stüh­lingen and Tien­gen, a se­ries of Je­wish com­mu­ni­ties were li­ned up fur­ther along the up­per Rhine all the way to Lake Con­stance and be­yond. The vil­lage of Gai­lin­gen and the litt­le town of Aach were ruled by the counts of Nel­len­burg; Ran­degg be­lon­ged to the ba­ro­ns of He­gau; Worb­lingen was owned by the ba­ro­ns of Dan­ket­schweil, and Wan­gen by the ba­ro­ns of Mar­bach and Wan­gen. But all of them, in turn, were part of Fur­ther Aus­tria, property of the Habs­burg em­pe­rors.

44 Leave a comment on paragraph 44 0 Further Austria, of which Hohenems was also a part, served as a common umbrella for many other regions of Jewish settlement as well, including Burgau in Bavarian Swabia. This common administrative link fostered a bond among these Jewish settlements. Jews received letters of protection in Gailingen6 and Randegg (1656),7 Aach (1551),8 Wangen (1611),9 Worblingen (1655),10 and Hohenems (1617).11

 4Brandeck, “Geschichte der Stadt.”

 5Häusler, Stühlingen: Vergangenheit und Gegenwart.

 6Roming, “Geschichte der jüdischen Gemeinde Gailingen,”; Hundsnurscher and Taddey, “Die jüdischen Gemeinden in Baden”.

 7Moos, “Geschichte der Juden im Hegaudorf Randegg”; Rosenthal, “Heimatgeschichte der badischen Juden”, 164.

 8Rosenthal, “Heimatgeschichte der badischen Juden”, 79.

 9Hundsnurscher and Taddey, “Die jüdischen Gemeinden in Baden”.

10Graf and Zöhren, “Jüdische Vergangenheit in Worblingen”; Hundsnurscher and Taddey, “Die jüdischen Gemeinden in Baden”, 301.

11Tänzer, “Geschichte der Juden in Tirol und Voralberg”, 29.

Page 27

Source: https://www.stuehlingen.online/Book/?page_id=1170

Skip to toolbar