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1 Leave a comment on paragraph 1 0 Considering that the Jewish community could not come to an internal agreement about providing horses for official tasks, they have been grouped into three categories. Category one is to provide three horses in turn and includes Leib Gugenheimb and Marum Weyl. Category two provides two horses and includes Joseph Gugenheimb, Salomon Weyl, Mayr Bloch, Faistel Gugenheimb, Jonas Gugenheimb, Isaac Bikhert, Lehemann Bikhert, and Elias Mayr. Category three provides one horse and includes Joseph Gugenheimb Sandels Tochtermann and Schmule Weyl Lemblins Sohn. With details about their duties (horses on which an honest man will not break his neck). Whoever does not own a horse is to borrow one [R3008].

2 Leave a comment on paragraph 2 0 Only two of Stühlingen’s Jews on protection that year did not have to provide horses at all: Lemble Weil, who must have been about eighty years old, and Lang Josel Gugenheimb, whose financial difficulties were well known [R3061]. The decree suggests that a transparent economic stratification existed within the Jewish community, and the additional economic burden was distributed according to a quasi-modern, ‘progressive’ tax system.

3 Leave a comment on paragraph 3 0 In the end, the 1717 letter of protection made life for the Stühlingen Jews very difficult:28

1 The inclusion of a married descendant in the protection was abolished, which led to a major emigration of married sons and son-in-laws with their families.
2 Jews were only allowed to trade in textiles and leather goods manufactured in Stühlingen.
3 Cattle bought by Jews outside the Fürstenberg dominion required inspection and a certificate of health by a local farrier before they were allowed on local pastures.

4 Leave a comment on paragraph 4 0 Thus, the existing conditions had progressively tightened to the point where the final act of eviction in 1743 came almost as a relief.

5 Leave a comment on paragraph 5 0  

28Ibid., 173.

Page 49

Source: https://www.stuehlingen.online/Book/?page_id=1410

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