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1 Leave a comment on paragraph 1 0 It is important to note that the total tax count indicated in figure 6 refers to households, not to individuals. Since a household commonly comprised husband, wife, children, senior or unmarried relatives, and servants, the actual number of Stühlingen Jews in, for example, 1710, could easily have exceeded two hundred souls.

2 Leave a comment on paragraph 2 0 The protection letter of 1671 modified the 1615 conditions as follows:26

1 To save the secular officials from being inconvenienced, rabbis were now permitted to mediate in internal quarrels between Jews.
2 Because, in the past, the Jews had concealed all kind of undesirable rabble, beggars, criminals, and other visiting relatives, from now on itinerants could be hosted for only one night or over Sabbath.
3 Whenever the count’s household or his officials required horses, the Jews had to supply those for free.

3 Leave a comment on paragraph 3 0  

4 Leave a comment on paragraph 4 0 The protection letter of 1696 imposed further changes:27

1 Half of any fine imposed by a rabbi for any reason had to be delivered to the civil authorities.
2 Houses could be bought or built by Jews only with explicit permission by the authorities.
3 Property acquired by Jews on auctions had to be resold to gentiles within twelve weeks.
4 Jews had to contribute to the war debt imposed on the county (no explicit amount mentioned)
5 Jewish households were exempted from having to billet foreign soldiers and could substitute payment instead.
6 The requirement for the gratuitous provision of horses to officials was discontinued.
7 The Jewish community could apply to the authorities to have an uncooperative member evicted.
8

5 Leave a comment on paragraph 5 0 If due to war and other conflicts the Jews were temporarily deprived of their protection, the authorities could consider a partial return taxes paid.

 

 

26Rosenthal, “Heimatgeschichte der badischen Juden,” 172.

27Ibid.

Page 48

Source: https://www.stuehlingen.online/Book/?page_id=1395

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